What if the American Colonies had lost the Revolutiomary War ?
Charles James Fox (1749-1806) Regent to George IV, who was 14 in 1776.
I'm am not prepared to lose an overseas dominion which promises to be greater than the empire of Alexander the Great's for such a tyrannical reason. For God's sake give them the vote if that is what they want and let them suffer with it as we do.
Charles James Fox
Two events dosed the flames of enthusiasm for separation from England that briefly sparked in the American colonies in the 1770s, these being the capture of Gen. Washington by Gen. Howe in 1776 and the news of the death of King George the III in the same year. The shakeup in the English government saw the rise Charles James Fox who was a great supporter of the ideals of the American revolutionists. The former revolutionist were not hung or imprisoned, and many such as Jefferson and Washington would go on to be representatives. The unpopular taxes were repealed (although taxes on American exports stealthily increased later ) and landed citizens were given the right to vote with MPs who were sent to England to represent their areas. The Quebec Act of 1774 was limited to not include areas the Ohio Valley.
There were later some rioting against the Proclamation Line of 1763 which was designed to grant an Indian Reserve and prevent Indian conflicts. These were not seriously enforced and officials turned a blind eye to most who crossed the line. The Slave Trade Act 1807 and the Slavery Abolition Act 1832 caused some Southern colonies to threaten to form their own country, but the English government offered recompenses to the southern planters. Most of the large plantation owners had begun hiring East Indians and Chinese labor since the Slave Trade Act 1807 and the number of black slaves had greatly declined as the East Indians and Chinese were regarded to be better workers and less inclined to revolt.
Napoleon gives the Louisiana territory to Spain
Revival and Growth of The Viceroy of Mexico
A British and provincial American frontal assault failed against a combined Spanish-French force defending New Orleans in 1815
Napoleon, realizing he could not hope to hold on to the vast Louisiana territory gave it Spain in 1803. Napoleon did this with an eye towards promoting Indian raids and drawing off troops and supplies from the British war effort and developing the vast Spanish colonial empire as a counterweight to England. French trade and other plans throughout the world could be done through neutral Spain by proxy to evade the British blockade.
Napoleon encouraged and expanded the Bourbon reforms in Spain and the Spanish colonies. These reforms led to the failure of some early attempts at independence in the Spanish colonies. Colonization of the Louisiana territory was encouraged by Napoleon. Great stock land companies were started in French and many immigrants from the war wracked German states left from Spain to the Viceroy of Mexico, where colonies in upper California and the New Orleans area were the first to start. Discovery of gold in upper California in 1809 greatly increased immigration from Europe. Napoleon realized he not enforce the counter blockade Continental System without Spain and Portugal ( without an invasion, some have speculated that if Napoleon had decided to invade Spain, it may have been enough to cause his eventual downfall and not have led to the French domination of Europe for the next 40 years ) against England abandoned the plan in 1807.
After the stalemate of the Franco-Russian war of 1812-14 and the following shake up in Russian politics, Alaska became the destination for poltical and general prisoners. The discovery of gold also led to some increased immigration.
A promotinal poster to encourage
immigration to the gold fields of Upper California
Desire to seize the troublesome Louisiana territory and Florida territory led to the failed invasion of New Orleans in 1815 toward the end of the Napoleonic war period after England declared war on Spain in the same year.The territory of Florida was easily seized .A combined Spanish and French squadron were defeated off Mobile. The British General Ross and American provincial troops led by Andrew Jackson were repelled in the Battle of New Orleans by a force defending New Orleans made up of Spanish and French troops and German colonists.
The Act of Union and the American Confederation
Many in America still chaffed under the titles of colonialists and there was a growing call for independence at the start of the French Revolution and the Bourbon reforms in Spain and the Spanish colonies. Most colonialists were shocked by the excesses of the French Revolution and were mollified by the Act of Union of 1800 created the Provence of America, later to become the American Confederation by 1850. A planned union with Canada in 1867 proved to be too unpopular in Canada and was shelved . After the Napoleonic Wars, non English immigration to America was greatly curtailed for fear of creating separatist enclaves. This and American involvement in the Napoleonic Wars lead to a slow down in western expansion. This gave Indian tribes on the western flank time such as the Creek, Cherokee time for their populations to increase. By 1840 there were more European immigrants heading toward the Viceroy of Mexico than to British America and Canada. The discovery of Gold in California increased this number greatly.
Map of North America in 1850