An alternative History of the American Civil War 

American Civil War 1861-6


President Davis and President McClellan



After the Union's losses at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Lee's invasion of the north an near destruction of Meade's army* in 1863 and the stalled Atlanta offensive, most war weary Americans wanted an end to the growing unpopular war. In the presidential election of 1864, Radical republican candidate John Charles Frémont split the republican party vote to allow Democratic candidate McClellan to win. McClellan spoke against the peace platform of the Democratic party, but anti-war riots and continued Union reverses and European recognition of the Confederacy led him to negotiate a peace treaty with Confederate President Davis.


Planes of the Confederate Army Air Legion


The Confederate States were made up of the original eleven succeeding states. The Confederates gave up claims to Kentucky , Missouri and the western New Mexico Territory. Despite some border clashes, full scale war never broke out between the Union and the Confederacy in the first few years after the war. Confederate and Union 'volunteers' did fight each other in Mexico, with the Confederates supporting Napoleon III's Maximilian and the Union supporting Juarez. Juarez was able to drive out the French in 1869. Both the Union and the Confederacy were neutral in the Great European War which started in 1915 in which Germany became the main continental power .


French Foreign Legion and Confederate soldiers in Mexico, 1868


In the 1930s the Confederates and Union held talks to more closely integrate their economies and reduce military spending in response to the growing power of imperial Germany and Japan. Confederate President Lee outlawed slavery in 1869, however continued legal restrictions on blacks led to race periodic race riots .


  * in reality, Meade's army seriously checked Lee's advance at Gettysburg


Britannia's Fist: From Civil War to World War: —An Alternate History

 Peter G. TsourasThe escape of a British-built Confederate ironclad finally ignites the heap of combustible animosities and national interests. When the U.S. Navy seizes it in British waters, the ensuing battle spirals into all-out war. Napoleon III eagerly joins the British and declares war on the United States. Meanwhile, treason uncoils in the North as the anti-war Democrats, known as Copperheads, plot to overthrow the U.S. government and take the Midwest into the Confederacy.



 What if Alexander the Great had not died at 32, but lived to an old age ?


 Hannibal and Phillip V sack Rome